Simply the research asks you to gather information to prove or reject a set of assumptions. Suppose you are conducting research for an undergraduate dissertation, then you first need to define some aims and objectives and then predict the expected results in the form of a tentative statement. It is not necessary that your study ends by supporting that tentative statement; however, the results may be opposite to your expectations as well. Typically, these tentative statements are called hypotheses, and their formulation needs students to understand a few important things. Thus, this article will primarily focus on some important things that every student must keep in mind while writing a research hypothesis for a dissertation.
Research hypothesis- A brief introduction:
As a matter of course, a research hypothesis is a testable, clear, and specific statement that aims to give direction to dissertation research. Basically, it gives an educated guess about the possible outcomes of the study that must be predicted based on reviewing some previously published literature. This is because the published literature is the backbone of the research, and it opens doors of knowledge so even a novice researcher can make the best decisions by taking guidance from the published literature. Moreover, inductive and deductive are two types of research that can be differentiated based on the time of hypothesis formation. In one type of research project, the hypothesis laid the foundation of research, while in the other type, the hypothesis is formed based on the results gathered through detailed analysis.
A research hypothesis can also be defined as a statement that highlights the relationship between different variables identified in the research. Mostly, it tells the possible correlation between the dependent and independent variables. Hereby, the dependent variable is the one that is affected or controlled by the independent variable, whilst the independent variables usually operate on their own. There are many types of research hypotheses, such as simple hypotheses, complex hypotheses, non-directional hypotheses, null hypotheses, alternative hypotheses, and directional hypotheses. Whatever the type of hypothesis that seems suitable to you, you must follow the following things while writing it.
Things to Keep In Mind While Writing A Research Hypothesis For a Dissertation
Writing a hypothesis begins with defining an area of interest, narrowing its scope and asking questions to be answered throughout the research. To effectively deal with all these preliminary stages, one must develop a deep understanding of the latest research trends in a particular field. In case you are new to research, then seeking help from dissertation writing services is the ultimate solution.
Ask A Question
Remember, to formulate a strong hypothesis you must have to formulate specific, focused and clear research questions. In this way, you can easily find the variables whose relationship you want to explore by applying any specific research design of your choice. For example, if you want to know more about the effect of COVID-19 on the tourism department in the UK, then you must first make research questions.
Conduct Extensive Research
Once you have formulated a clear and focused research question, then the next thing to do must be to conduct thorough research. It is research that helps you find what the community already knows about your area of interest. It will also help you maintain continuity in research. Basically, the underlying concept is to use the previously reported information to take a step forward. At this stage, constructing the conceptual framework and combining all the relevant theories in one place will also help you gather all the necessary information for writing a strong research hypothesis.
Try To Find The Relationship Between The Variables
Majorly by finding the possible relationship between the identified variables and providing evidence of their real-world existence, one can end up with his academic research project. Thus, at this point, it is vital to first identify what is the independent and dependent variables in your study so the possible relationship between them can be identified.
At this point in time, you will have a clear understanding of what you are going to find and where your project might end. So, just write what you find the best possible answer to your research question in the form of as simple a statement as possible. Later on, read it aloud and try to find mistakes in it.
Refine And Start Testing It
The strong research hypothesis must be clear and researchable. If you find all these qualities in your statement, then the last step must be to refine it before testing it. In the refining stage, the rearrangement of the dependent or independent variables in the final sentence and the specific terms to explain the concept are usually kept in mind.
Apart from all the above-mentioned things, to write a strong research hypothesis, you must follow a few additional tips, including:
- Make some observations to write research questions
- The image of the final outcome of your study must be very clear in your mind
- A fail-proof plan to test the hypothesis must be very clear even at the time of hypothesis formulation
- The possible connection between different variables must be found by exploring the existing literature
- The research hypothesis must be formulated after knowing the rationale or significance of the study
In a nutshell, research starts by making an initial observation; however, to turn these observations into scientific theory, a detailed multi-stepped process needs to be followed. Though many of these steps are very hard to follow, including the research hypothesis formulation, so by following some tips or keeping some essential things in mind, one can make strong hypotheses that are worth testing to increase the credibility of your research. Thus, the article has provided some simple tips that are extremely helpful in making a good hypothesis. However, in the end, some additional tips are given that will further assist you in ensuring all the qualities of a good hypothesis in your tentative statements.