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What is the Difference between IES and GATE Exam?

Engineering is the most sought-after course for youngsters in India for its numerous career opportunities, high-quality of life, and excellent growth prospects with financial stability. For students of engineering, GATE and IES exams open doors to several career options.

However, these two exams often cause confusion and difficulty in understanding which to opt for. We will explain all about the GATE and IES exam in this article. It will help in differentiating two of them so that you can make an informed decision for your life.

You can also refer to BYJU’s Exam Prep to prepare for GATE or IES exams. It is India’s leading online education platform, trusted by millions.

Difference Between GATE and IES

We have explained the difference between GATE and IES exams on the basis of various parameters in the article below.

Purpose of Exams

Students need to have a valid GATE exam (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) score to be eligible for admission to private & government institutions for higher education and apply for PSU jobs. GATE evaluates comprehensive knowledge in subjects such as Technology, Engineering, and Architecture with a post-graduate-level understanding of Humanities, Commerce, and Science.

On the other hand, the IES exam is for Central Services under the Government of India. Both IES and GATE are pan-India level exams, and people appear for the same from across the country.

Governing Body

Indian Engineering Service is a Central Government Service with a Pan India approach.

UPSC conducts the IES exam every year to recruit candidates for the IES services. The posting can be done anywhere in India and depends upon multiple factors.

GATE exam is organised by IITs and IIS, Bengaluru on behalf of the NCB-GATE. NCB stands for National Coordination Board. Along with NCB, the Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Education supervises the GATE every year.  The GATE exam is a Computer Based Test organised through several examination centres across India.

Eligibility to Appear for GATE and IES examination

GATE exam provides a score that improves your eligibility to pursue higher education including Masters in Technology (MTech), Master of Engineering (ME), and Direct PhD Courses. It also makes eligibility criteria to appear for the GATE exam diversified.

Here is the list of educational degrees required for GATE

  • BArch
  • BE/BTech/BPharm
  • MBBS
  • BA/BSc (for a couple of courses)
  • MSc/MCA/MA

IES exam is held by UPSC. To appear candidates need to have an engineering degree in one of the following engineering streams.

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering

Syllabus and Releasing Body

GATE exam syllabus comprises selected subjects along with numerical and verbal ability sections in all papers. For the IES exam, Engineering Aptitude and General Studies are common sections for all engineering students.

The exam organising body releases syllabus and GATE information. For the IES exam, UPSC releases the exam syllabus.

IES Exam and GATE Exam Details

GATE is a single-stage evaluation held on multiple days according to available candidates for the exam in every subject stream. The said exam does not involve exams. Generally, questions and problems in GATE are tougher than in IES. Candidates need to apply several formulas and decision-making abilities to solve a single question for GATE.

The IES exam has questions that need a single concept or direct formula to find the solution. IES conducted by UPSC is a three-step offline exam process: Pre, Mains and Interview.

The exam duration for GATE is three hours for 65 problems whereas for IES (Prelims) it is two hours for 120 questions.

Scope for Jobs

Candidates are shortlisted for the following departments through the IES exam.

  • Indian Railways Service of Engineers
  • Indian Railway Stores Services
  • Indian Ordnance Factories Services
  • Central Electrical and Mechanical Engineering Services
  • Geological Survey of India Engineering Service Grade A and many more.

Apart from higher education, GATE also helps landing jobs in leading PSUs and organisations. Here is the list of a few prominent ones.

  • Power Grid Corporation of India
  • Oil India
  • NHPC
  • BARC
  • AAI
  • BEL India
  • BHEL
  • NALCO and many more.

We hope this detailed analysis of the IES and GATE exams will clear your doubts about the terms. Learn the article and make an informed decision to pursue your dream.

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